PART I

THE UNION AND ITS TERRITORY
1. Name and territory of the Union.- (1) India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States.(2)The States and the territories thereof shall be as specified in the First Schedule.
(3) The territory of India shall comprise-(a) the territories of the States; (b) the Union territories specified in the First Schedule; and (c) such other territories as may be acquired.  

2. Admission or establishment of new States.- Parliament may by law admit  into  the Union, or establish, new States on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit.


2A.[Sikkim  to  be associated with the  Union.]  Repealed. by  the Constitution  (Thirty-sixth  Amendment)  Act,   1975,  s.   5  (w.e.f. 26-4-1975).     

3. Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States.-
Parliament may by law-  (a)  form a new State by separation of territory from any State or  by uniting  two  or  more  States or parts of States or  by  uniting  any territory to a part of any State;  (b) increase the area of any State; (c) diminish the area of any State; (d) alter the boundaries of any State; (e)  alter  the  name  of any State:[Provided that no Bill for the purpose shall be introduced in either House  of Parliament except on the recommendation of the President and unless,  where  the proposal contained in the Bill affects  the  area, boundaries  or  name  of any of the States, the Bill  has  been referred  by  the  President  to the Legislature  of  that  State  for expressing its views thereon within such period as may be specified in the reference or within such further period as the President may allow and the period so specified or allowed has expired.]     
 
[Explanation  I.-In  this  article, in clauses (a) to  (e),  "State" includes  a  Union  territory, but in the proviso,  "State"  does  not include a Union territory.      

Explanation  II.- The  power  conferred  on Parliament  by  clause  (a) includes the power to form a new State or Union territory by uniting a part  of  any  State or Union territory to any other  State  or  Union territory.]   



4.   Laws made under articles 2 and 3 to provide for the amendment  of the  First  and the Fourth Schedules and supplemental, incidental  and consequential  matters.-   (1)  Any  law referred to in  article   2  or article 3 shall contain such provisions for the amendment of the First Schedule and the Fourth Schedule as may be necessary to give effect to the  provisions  of  the law and may also contain  such   supplemental, incidental  and  consequential provisions (including provisions as  to representation in Parliament and in the Legislature or Legislatures of the  State  or  States affected by such law) as  Parliament  may   deem necessary.

(2)  No  such law as aforesaid shall be deemed to be an amendment  of this Constitution for the purposes of article 368.

  


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